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Crustaceans: Feed & Nutrition

Feed and nutrition

Manual on the production and use of live food for aquaculture
The manual describes the major production techniques currently employed in the cultivation of the major types of live food commonly used in larviculture, as well as their application potential in terms of their nutritional and physical properties and feeding methods.
Artemia Culture for Intensive Finfish and Crustacean Larviculture
Upon completion of the rotifer stage, the most commonly used live feed prior to conversion of the larva to a dry diet is Artemia. the larviculture production system
Use of formulated diets as replacements for Artemia in the rearing of juvenile American lobsters (Homarus americanus)
In recent years, commercial Artemia replacement (CAR) diets have been developed and marketed for use in aquaculture production of marine shrimp. Three separate experiments assessed the utility of rearing American lobsters on these shrimp CAR diets
Pond Culture of Mud Crab Scylla serrata (Forskal) Fed Formulated Diet With or Without Vitamin and Mineral Supplements
The effects of three diets on the growth, survival, FCR, and production of mud crab Scylla serrata were investigated
THESIS: Digestive profile and capacity of the mud crab (Scylla serrate). By Marko Pavasovic, Queensland University of Technology
A key focus of the current study will be to use the mud crab, Scylla serrata, as a model system to determine the capacity of cultured crabs to digest protein and various classes of carbohydrates incorporated into formulated diets. Another goal is to determine if mud crab digestive processes or feed digestibility are altered by changes in the protein or carbohydrate profiles in the diet
Rotifers as live feed in shrimp hatcheries, Is still an open option?
M.R.Kitto* and Regunathan C.** *Assistant Professor, Faculty of Marine Science, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box : 80207, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. Email: **Aquaculture Specialist, 228 B, East of DVD School, Kottar, Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu, India. E mail : Author) Authors of this review feel that the cost for culturing live algae used for enrichment could be drastically curtailed in the new millennium by using agricultural fertilizers and the partial supplementary utilization of underutilized waste products like sterilized sardine pastes or sugarcane molasses extracts or rotifer culture media waste water and / or seaweed liquid fertilizer extracts of Ascophyllum or sterilized trash fish waste water. Modern technologies where probiotics are involved in shrimp larviculture, employing rotifers as starter live feed holds much promise as live-feed mediated delivery of probionts efficiently incorporates the benign bacteria to the targeted shrimp larvae...
Evaluation of the Biochemical Composition of Four Marine Algae and Its Nutritional Value for Brine Shrimp
Abstract: Microalgae are utilized in aquaculture as a live feed for the crustaceans, ablone, zooplanktons, etc. The present study examined the nutritional status of Artemia sp. nauplii enriched with four different algal sources namely Chaetoceros calcitrans, Skeletonema coastaum, Duniella salina & D. bardawil and also the amount of beta-carotene assimilated when enriched with the two green algae. Artemia sp. nauplii enriched with D. salina showed high amounts of protein and carbohydrate, whereas Artemia sp. fed with Chaetoceros calcitrans showed high amounts of lipid. The protein profile of Artemia sp. enriched with different algal sources  did not show prominent differences in the polypeptide bands. However, high amount of beta-carotene was assimilated in Artemia sp. nauplii when enriched with D. salina. Hence this study showed that the microalgae D. salina can be used as a potential feed to improve the nutritional status of Artemia sp. nauplii.
Conference proceedings: larvi 2013
6th Fish & Shellfish Larviculture Symposium, Ghent University, Belgium - September 2 - 5, 2013 Capitalizing on the previous “larvi” symposia (in ’91, ’95, ’01, ’05, ‘09), the Aquaculture R&D Consortium of Ghent University, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and the COST action “LARVANET”  joined again in the organizing committee for “larvi’13” and invited academics as well as the private sector to attend the 6th Fish and Shellfish Larviculture Symposium. Bringing together European and non-European stakeholders, once again the latest progress in the sector was reviewed, problems identified and avenues for future collaboration explored.
Polychaete Feeds
A new company is harnessing the well established benefits of marine worms with the advantages of extrusion technology,  to produce feeds for a variety of aquacultured species and growth stages
A review of maturation diets for mud crab genus Scylla broodstock: Present research, problems and future perspective
This paper reviewed the studies on the maturation diets for mud crab broodstock, genus Scylla and compared independently to identify their effect on reproductive performance and larval quality.  This review also discusses the problems in the previous studies for the potential future research to develop very high quality and cost-effective formulated diet for the enhancement of broodstock and seed production technology. Information from this review can be useful in developing a better quality of crustacean broodstock’s diet for commercial hatchery production.